Hepatitis B is an infection caused by a virus and infects the liver. In Myanmar, it is believed that Hepatitis B may be infecting between 8-10% of the population.
Hepatitis B is very contagious. It is passed through an exchange of semen, vaginal fluids, blood, or urine during unprotected oral, vaginal, or anal sex, you could get hepatitis B. You can also get hepatitis B by sharing needles, nail clippers, razors, or toothbrushes with someone who has the virus, or by getting a tattoo or piercing with infected tools.
Many people who have hepatitis B don’t know it – they may feel fine, or they may just feel like they have the flu. Some people have these symptoms:
- Yellow skin or eyes
- No appetite (they don’t want to eat)
- Feeling extremely tired
- Brown or dark urine (pee)
- Light or gray stools
- Pain in the stomach, muscles or joints
Your doctor will do a simple blood test if he or she thinks you have hepatitis B. There is no cure for hepatitis B, but in some people, it goes away on its own. Some people have it for the rest of their lives. There is medicine that can help the liver of people who have long-term hepatitis. Even if you don’t have symptoms, you can still pass it on to others if you have unprotected sex with them.