Gonorrhea is caused by a certain type of bacteria. Most often, it infects the penis or vagina, but it can also infect the rectum, throat, or eyes.
The bacteria that causes gonorrhea likes to live in moist areas of the body like the vagina, penis, eyes, throat, and rectum. You can get gonorrhea from contact with these areas on someone who has gonorrhea– that includes oral, vaginal, and anal sex.
Most people who have it don’t know it because they don’t have symptoms. Men are more likely to have symptoms than women. Men might experience burning when they pee, a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis, or painful, swollen testicles. A few women have pain when they pee or pain in their lower abdomen.
A doctor can do a simple and painless urine test to find out if you have gonorrhea. Your doctor may also collect a swab sample from the vagina, cervix , urethra, rectum or throat during a physical exam.
Gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics. A clinician may give you an antibiotic shot along with other medicine to take in the clinic, or he or she may prescribe pills.
To keep from infecting your partners, you should avoid sex until you have taken all the antibiotics and your partner has been tested and treated if necessary.
If you get antibiotic pills, make sure you take them all even if you start to feel better – otherwise the infection might not go away completely.